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Specification for Casing and Tubing API SPECIFICATION 5CT NINTH EDITION-2012

Short Description:

Api5ct oil casing is mainly used to transport oil, natural gas, gas, water and other liquids and gases,It can be divided into seamless steel pipe and welded steel pipe. Welded steel pipe mainly refers to longitudinal welded steel pipe


  • Payment: 30% deposit, 70% L/C or B/L copy or 100% L/C at sight
  • Min.Order Quantity: 1 PC
  • Supply Ability: Annual 20000 Tons Inventory of Steel Pipe
  • Lead Time: 7-14 days if in stock, 30-45 days to produce
  • Packing: Black Vanishing, bevel and cap for every single pipe; OD below 219mm need to pack in bundle, and each bundle no exceed 2 tons.
  • Product Detail

    FAQ

    Product Tags

    Overview

    Standard: API 5CT

    Grade Group: J55,K55,N80,L80,P110, etc

    Thickness: 1 - 100 mm

    Outer Diameter(Round): 10 - 1000 mm

    Length: R1,R2,R3

    Section Shape: Round

    Place of Origin: China

    Certification: ISO9001:2008

     

    Alloy Or Not: Not

    Application: Oiled&Casing Pipe

    Surface Treatment: As customer's requirement

    Technique: Hot Rolled

    Heat treatment: Quenching &Normalizing

    Special Pipe: Short joint

    Usage: Oiled and Gas

    Test: NDT

    Application

    Pipe in Api5ct is mainly used for drilling of oil and gas wells and transportation of oil and gas. Oil casing is mainly used to support the borehole wall during and after the completion of the well to ensure the normal operation of the well and the completion of the well.

    Main Grade

    Grade :J55,K55,N80,L80,P110, etc

    Chemical Component

     

    Grade Type C Mn Mo Cr Ni Cu P s Si
    min max min max min max min max max max max max max
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
    H40 0.030
    J55 0.030
    K55 0.030
    N80 1 0.030 0.030
    N80 Q 0.030 0.030
    R95 0.45 c 1.90 0.030 0.030 0.45
    L80 1 0.43 a 1.90 0.25 0.35 0.030 0.030 0.45
    L80 9Cr 0.15 0.3 0.60 0 90 1.10 8.00 10.0 0.50 0.25 0.020 0.030 1.00
    L80 13Cr 0.15 0.22 0.25 1.00 12.0 14.0 0.50 0.25 0.020 0.030 1.00
    C90 1 0.35 1.20 0.25 b 0.85 1.50 0.99 0.020 0.030
    T95 1 0.35 1.20 0.25 b 0.85 0 40 1.50 0.99 0 020 0.010
    C110 0.35 1.20 0.25 1.00 0.40 1.50 0.99 0.020 0.005
    P1I0 e 0.030 e 0.030 e
    QI25 1 0.35 1.35 0.85 1.50 0.99 0.020 0.010
    NOTE  Elements shown shall be reported in product analysis
    a The carbon content for L80 may be increased up to 0.50% maximum if the product is oil-quenched or polymer-quenched.
    b The molybdenum content for Grade C90 Type 1 has no minimum tolerance if the wall thickness is less than 17.78 mm.
    c The carbon contect for R95 may be increased up to 0.55% maximum if the product is oil-quenched.
    d The molybdenum content for T95 Type 1 may be decreased to 0.15% minimum if the wall thickness is less than 17.78 mm.
    e For EW Grade P110, the phosphorus content shall be 0.020% maximum and the sulfur content 0.010% maximum.

    Mechanical Property

     

    Grade

    Type

    Total Elongation Under Load

    Yield Strength
    MPa

    Tensile Strength
    min
    MPa

    Hardness a,c
    max

    Specified Wall Thickness

    Allowable Hardness Variation b

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    min

    max

     

    HRC

    HBW

    mm

    HRC

    H40

    0.5

    276

    552

    414

    J55

    0.5

    379

    552

    517

    K55

    0.5

    379

    552

    655

    N80

    1

    0.5

    552

    758

    689

    N80

    Q

    0.5

    552

    758

    689

    R95

    0.5

    655

    758

    724

    L80

    1

    0.5

    552

    655

    655

    23.0

    241.0

    L80

    9Cr

    0.5

    552

    655

    655

    23.0

    241.0

    L80

    l3Cr

    0.5

    552

    655

    655

    23.0

    241.0

    C90

    1

    0.5

    621

    724

    689

    25.4

    255.0

    ≤12.70

    3.0

    12.71 to 19.04

    4.0

    19.05 to 25.39

    5.0

    ≥25.4

    6.0

    T95

    1

    0.5

    655

    758

    724

    25.4

    255

    ≤12.70

    3.0

    12.71 to 19.04

    4.0

    19.05 to 25.39

    5.0

    ≥25.4

    6.0

    C110

    0.7

    758

    828

    793

    30.0

    286.0

    ≤12.70

    3.0

    12.71 to 19.04

    4.0

    19.05 to 25.39

    5.0

    ≥25.4

    6.0

    P110

    0.6

    758

    965

    862

    Q125

    1

    0.65

    862

    1034

    931

    b

    ≤12.70

    3.0

    12.71 to 19.04

    4.0

    19.05

    5.0

    a In case of dispute, laboratory Rockwell C hardness testing shall be used as the referee method.
    b No hardness limits are specified, but the maximum variation is restricted as a manufacturing control in accordance with 7.8 and 7.9.
    c For through-wall hardness tests of Grades L80 (all types), C90, T95 and C110, the requirements stated in HRC scale are for maximum mean hardness number.

    Test Requirement

    In addition to ensuring chemical composition and mechanical properties, hydrostatic tests are performed one by one, and flaring and flattening tests are performed. . In addition, there are certain requirements for the microstructure, grain size, and decarburization layer of the finished steel pipe.

    Tensile Test:

    1. For the steel material of the products, manufacturer should perform tensile test. For the elecrtrice welded pipe, depondeds on manufacturer's choice, tensile test can be performed on the steel plate that used to make pipe or perfomred on steel pipe directly. An test performed on a product can also be          used as a product test.

    2. The test tubes shall be randomly selected. When multiple tests are required, the sampling method shall ensure that the samples taken can represent the beginning and end of the heat treatment cycle (if applicable) and both ends of the tube. When multiple tests are required, the pattern shall be taken from different tubes except that the thickened tube sample may be taken from both ends of a tube.

    3. The seamless pipe sample can be taken at any position on the circumference of the pipe; the welded pipe sample should be taken at about 90 ° to the weld seam, or at the option of the manufacturer. Samples are taken at about a quarter of the strip width.

    4. No matter before and after the experiment, if the sample preparation is found to be defective or there is a lack of materials irrelevant to the purpose of the experiment, the sample may be scrapped and replaced with another sample made from the same tube.

    5. If a tensile test representing a batch of products does not meet the requirements, the manufacturer may take another 3 tubes from the same batch of tubes for re-inspection.

    If all the retests of the samples meet the requirements, the batch of tubes is qualified except the unqualified tube that was originally sampled.

    If more than one sample is initially sampled or one or more samples for retesting do not meet the specified requirements, the manufacturer may inspect the batch of tubes one by one.

    The rejected batch of products can be reheated and reprocessed as a new batch.

    Flattening Test:

    1. The test specimen shall be a test ring or end cut of not less than 63.5mm (2-1 / 2in).

    2. Specimens may be cut before heat treatment, but subject to the same heat treatment as the pipe represented. If a batch test is used, measures shall be taken to identify the relationship between the sample and the sampling tube. Each furnace in each batch should be crushed.

    3. The specimen shall be flattened between two parallel plates. In each set of flattening test specimens, one weld was flattened at 90 ° and the other flattened at 0 °. The specimen shall be flattened until the tube walls are in contact. Before the distance between the parallel plates is less than the specified         value, no cracks or breaks should appear in any part of the pattern. During the entire flattening process, there should be no poor structure, welds not fused, delamination, metal overburning, or metal extrusion.

    4. No matter before and after the experiment, if the sample preparation is found to be defective or there is a lack of materials irrelevant to the purpose of the experiment, the sample may be scrapped and replaced with another sample made from the same tube.

    5. If any sample representing a tube does not meet the specified requirements, the manufacturer may take a sample from the same end of the tube for supplementary testing until the requirements are met. However, the length of the finished pipe after sampling must not be less than 80% of the original        length. If any sample of a tube representing a batch of products does not meet the specified requirements, the manufacturer may take two additional tubes from the batch of products and cut the samples for re-testing. If the results of these retests all meet the requirements, the batch of tubes is                      qualified except for the tube originally selected as the sample. If any of the retest samples does not meet the specified requirements, the manufacturer may sample the remaining tubes of the batch one by one. At the option of the manufacturer, any batch of tubes can be re-heat treated and retested as a      new batch of tubes.

    Impact Test:

    1. For tubes, a set of samples shall be taken from each lot (unless documented procedures have been shown to meet regulatory requirements). If the order is fixed at A10 (SR16), the experiment is mandatory.

    2. For casing, 3 steel pipes should be taken from each batch for experiments. The test tubes shall be randomly selected, and the sampling method shall ensure that the samples provided can represent the beginning and end of the heat treatment cycle and the front and back ends of the sleeve during heat        treatment.

    3. Charpy V-notch impact test

    4. No matter before and after the experiment, if the sample preparation is found to be defective or there is a lack of materials irrelevant to the purpose of the experiment, the sample may be scrapped and replaced with another sample made from the same tube. Specimens should not be simply judged              defective simply because they do not meet the minimum absorbed energy requirements.

    5. If the result of more than one sample is lower than the minimum absorbed energy requirement, or the result of one sample is lower than 2/3 of the specified minimum absorbed energy requirement, three additional samples shall be taken from the same piece and retested. The impact energy of each          retested specimen shall be greater than or equal to the specified minimum absorbed energy requirement.

    6. If the results of a certain experiment do not meet the requirements and the conditions for the new experiment are not met, then three additional samples are taken from each of the other three pieces of the batch. If all the additional conditions meet the requirements, the batch is qualified except the          one that failed initially. If more than one additional inspection piece does not meet the requirements, the manufacturer may choose to inspect the remaining pieces of the batch one by one, or reheat the batch and inspect it in a new batch.

    7. If more than one of the initial three items required to prove a batch of qualifications are rejected, re-inspection is not allowed to prove the batch of tubes is qualified. The manufacturer may choose to inspect the remaining batches piece by piece, or reheat the batch and inspect it in a new batch.

    Hydrostatic Test:

    1. Each pipe shall be subjected to hydrostatic pressure test of the whole pipe after thickening (if appropriate) and final heat treatment (if appropriate), and shall reach the specified hydrostatic pressure without leakage. The experimental pressure holding time was made up less than 5s. For welded pipes,        the welds of the pipes shall be checked for leaks under test pressure. Unless the whole pipe test has been performed at least in advance at the pressure required for the final pipe end condition, the thread processing factory should perform a hydrostatic test (or arrange such a test) on the whole pipe.

    2. Pipes to be heat treated shall be subjected to a hydrostatic test after the final heat treatment. The test pressure of all pipes with threaded ends shall be at least the test pressure of threads and couplings.

    3 .After processing to the size of the finished flat-end pipe and any heat-treated short joints, the hydrostatic test shall be performed after the flat end or the thread.

    Tolerance

    Outter Diameter:

    Range Tolerane
    <4-1/2 ±0.79mm(±0.031in)
    ≥4-1/2 +1%OD~-0.5%OD

    For thickened joint joint tubing with a size smaller than or equal to 5-1 / 2, the following tolerances apply to the outer diameter of the pipe body within a distance of approximately 127mm (5.0in) next to the thickened part; The following tolerances apply to the outer diameter of the tube within a distance of approximately equal to the diameter of the tube immediately adjacent to the thickened portion.

    Range Tolerance
    ≤3-1/2 +2.38mm~-0.79mm(+3/32in~-1/32in)
    >3-1/2~≤5 +2.78mm~-0.75%OD(+7/64in~-0.75%OD)
    >5~≤8 5/8 +3.18mm~-0.75%OD(+1/8in~-0.75%OD)
    >8 5/8 +3.97mm~-0.75%OD(+5/32in~-0.75%OD)

    For external thickened tubing with a size of 2-3 / 8 and larger, the following tolerances apply to the outer diameter of the pipe that is thickened and the thickness gradually changes from the end of the pipe

    Rang Tolerance
    ≥2-3/8~≤3-1/2 +2.38mm~-0.79mm(+3/32in~-1/32in)
    >3-1/2~≤4 +2.78mm~-0.79mm(+7/64in~-1/32in)
    >4 +2.78mm~-0.75%OD(+7/64in~-0.75%OD)

    Wall Thickness:

    The specified wall thickness tolerance of the pipe is -12.5%

    Weight:

    The following table is the standard weight tolerance requirements. When the specified minimum wall thickness is greater than or equal to 90% of the specified wall thickness, the upper limit of the mass tolerance of a single root should be increased to + 10%

    Quantity Tolerance
    Single Piece +6.5~-3.5
    Vehicle Load Weigh≥18144kg(40000lb) -1.75%
    Vehicle Load Weigh<18144kg(40000lb) -3.5%
    Order Quantity≥18144kg(40000lb) -1.75%
    Order Quantity<18144kg(40000lb) -3.5%

    Product Detail

    Petroleum Pipes Structure Pipes


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